The Puerta del Sol is one of the most famous points in Madrid. It is one of the essential places on a visit to the capital, and nobody wants to miss it. That is why it is worth knowing some of the curiosities that exist around this traditional and special corner of the city.

Throughout its history, there are several walls that have been built in Madrid as a defense. These walls, of course, had different access doors to enter the city, and the Puerta del Sol was one of them.
In the 16th century, this was the east entrance of the wall. Therefore, the first rays of the sun of each dawn affected, first of all, her. Carlos I of Spain and V of Germany then decided to baptize her with the name with which we know her today.

  • From the twelfth century, the Bear and the Madroño became an icon of Madrid. However, it was not always the case. Initially, it was just a bear on all fours and not two. The tree was incorporated after a dispute between the Church and the Council for the control of pastures and hunting. The madroño was added as a symbol of the agreement that ended the dilemma. Now, you can see it at the Puerta del Sol as an identification of the city.
  • In the center of the Puerta del Sol square is the well-known statue of Carlos III riding his horse. It was inaugurated in 1994 to honor what is considered the best mayor Madrid has had.
  • The Puerta del Sol clock was manufactured in London and incorporated in 1866. Initially, its operation was very precise, until in 1990 there was a mismatch caused by television cables. In fact, due to this incident, in 1995, the new year was advanced.
  • The tradition of celebrating the new year with the chimes of the clock began in 1962.
  • The origin of the streets of Madrid began with kilometer zero that marks the six great roads of the country. In addition, it also determines the numbers of the streets of Madrid. The number 1 will always be at the nearest end of the Puerta del Sol.